The Pazycomedias Gallery presents Ernesto Casero’s exhibition Better humans tomorrow!, which will occupy the gallery’s main room, establishing a dialogue with Gran moment de celebració by Toni Signes, in the glass wall space.
Through his drawings Ernesto Casero approaches the history of biological determinism and its branches, such as eugenics or scientific racism. The exhibition consists of several groups of drawings based on commercial imagery published by the eugenics societies in the early years of the 20th Century: illustrations of manuals that deal with behavior within the marriage state, propaganda related to racial hygiene and other types of images that has to do with the influence that certain ideas which, from a biological viewpoint, try to discipline societies based on the moral codes of the dominant classes.
The drawings, charcoal on paper, are thought of as footnotes about the history of biological determinism, which Stephen Jay Gould defined as the view that "the social and economic differences between different groups—primarily races, classes and sexes—arise from inherited, inborn distinctions and that society, in this sense, is an accurate reflection of biology."
The core, as Gould points out, is that if there are disadvantaged social groups it is entirely due to their own biological inferiority; women, the poor or members of other races alike, being inferior, socially or economically, is nothing but an expression of their own genetic inheritance. Taking into account this assumption, we have been witnessing a succession of ideas that have shaped our perception of society from the last decades of the 19th Century until now. On occasions these pseudo-scientific ideas have decisively influenced governmental policies, such as sterilization campaigns of migrants, criminals, or the mentally deranged, as the case was in the Scandinavian countries, the USA and Switzerland, among others. Better humans tomorrow! is a visual representation of some of the graphic expressions of these ideas throughout the 20th Century, not in an exhaustive way, but as a medium to come into contact with the main characters and their characteristic imagery.